Visual Arts

3000 BC
Narmer's Palette (3000): frontrear

2700 BC
Djoser and Imhotep (2667-2648): Pyramid of Djoser (ca 2670-2650)
2600 BC
Pyramids of Giza (near Cairo, 2500s): broad viewmapwith encroaching city

1900 BC 
Palace of Knossos (Crete, 1900): map, north entrance, throne room

1500 BC 
Senenmut: Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut (Thebes, ca 1450): in context, from above, interior detail

1400 BC 
Thutmose (1345): Nefertiti
Tutankhamen's Mask (1323): front

1300 BC 
Great Hypostyle Hall, Temple of Karnak (Thebes, ca 1280): broad view, detail

500 BC 
Charioteer of Delphi (ca 475): full view, detail of head
Zeus of Artemision (460?): view
Myron: Discus Thrower (ca 450): view


400 BC 
Apollo of the Belvedere (lost original, ca 320 BC; marble copy, ca AD 120): view

Temple of Apollo (Delphi, ca 350): panoramic view of theater and temple, temple, imaginative view

300 BC 
The Dying Galatian (ca 220): front view, back view, head

200 BC 
Laocoon and His Sons (200?): front view, Laocoon's head
Winged Victory of Samothrace (ca 190): left view, right view
Alexandros of Antioch: Venus de Milo (ca 120): front view, oblique view, back view

100 BC 
Wailing Wall (Jerusalem, 19), view, view of Temple Mount with Wailing Wall on left above two cypress trees

Augustus of Prima Porta (20?): front view

Pont du Gard (near Nimes, ca 50): view
Colosseum (Rome, 80): exterior view
Arch of Titus (Rome, 82): front view, detail (spoils of Jerusalem), Canaletto (1742)

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius (ca 175): lower front view

Aqueduct of Segovia (ca 110): view
Trajan's Column (Rome, 113): broad view, detail
Pantheon (Rome, 128): exterior
Mausoleum of Hadrian (Castle Sant'Angelo, Rome, 123-39): view from across the Tiber

Roman Forum (500 BC-AD 312): northeast view, Temple of Saturn, Claude Lorrain (1636), Canaletto (1742), J. M. W. Turner (1839)
Arch of Constantine (Rome, 315): north view, south view showing Colosseum

Hagia Sophia (Church of the Holy Wisdom, Constantinople, 537): exterior

Dome of the Rock (Jerusalem, 692): exterior, Foundation Stone (the "Rock")


St. Mark's Basilica (Venice, 1063-1117): Piazza San Marco (Canaletto, 1720), front view, St. Mark, four horses from Constantinople (1204), Four Tetrarchs (ca 300)
Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem, 1149): exterior, site of the tomb (sepulchre)

Chartres Cathedral (1220): west facade, south rose window, marriage at Cana
Sainte-Chapelle (Paris, 1248): view from north, interior

Giotto (1267-1337): Arena Chapel (1305): Raising of Lazarus, Lamentation, Hope
Chora Church mosaics (Istanbul, 1321): front view, rear view, Christ Pantocrator mosaic

Notre-Dame de Paris (1345): western view, southern viewinterior, chimera
The Alhambre (Granada, ca 1350): panoramic view, Court of the Lions, reflecting pool, windows

Painting and Drawing 
Jan van Eyck (1390-1441): The Arnolfini Portrait (1434)
Fra Angelico (ca 1395-1455): frescoes, Convent of San Marco (1436-45): Annunciation, Transfiguration
Andrea Mantegna (ca 1431-1506): St. Sebastian (1480), The Lamentation over the Dead Christ (1490)
Sandro Botticelli (ca 1445-1510): Primavera (1482), Birth of Venus (1485), Dante Alighieri (1495)
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519): Journals (1478-1519), Virgin of the Rocks (1486), Lady with an Ermine (1490), Last Supper (1498), Mona Lisa (1519)

Donatello (ca 1386-1466): St. John the Evangelist (1411), St. George (1415), Gattamelata (1453), Magdalene Penitent (1455)
Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378-1455): Gates of Paradise (1452): front view, Adam and Eve, Moses, David and Goliath
Antonio del Pollaiolo (ca 1430-1498): Capitoline Wolf (ca 1470)

Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446): Hospital of the Innocents (1427): exterior, courtyard; dome of Florence Cathedral (1436): exterior of church, close-up of dome; Pazzi Chapel (1460): exterior, interior
Kremlin (Moscow, 1495): exterior

Hieronymous Bosch (1450-1516): The Last Judgment (1505), The Garden of Earthly Delights (1505)
Albrecht Durer (1471-1528): Self-Portrait (1498), Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1498), Self-portrait with Fur-Trimmed Robe (1500), Young Hare (1502), Birth of Christ (1504), Adam, Eve (1507), Praying Hands (ca 1508), Knight, Death, and the Devil (1513) Melancholia (1514), Erasmus (1526)
Michelangelo (1475-1564): Doni Madonna (1506), Sistine Chapel ceiling (1512), Last Judgment (Sistine Chapel wall, 1541), Conversion of St. Paul (1550), Crucifixion of St. Peter (1550)
Raphael (1483-1520): The Small Cowper Madonna (1505), The School of Athens (1510), TheTriumph of Galatea (1513)
Matthias Grunewald (ca 1470-1528): Isenheim Alterpiece (1515): context, first view, second view, Resurrection
Hans Holbein the Younger (ca 1497-1543): Erasmus of Rotterdam (1523), Sir Thomas More (1527), Study for the Family Portrait of Thomas More (1527), The Ambassadors (1533)

Michelangelo (1475-1564): Bacchus (1497), Pieta (1499), David (1504), Dying Slave (1513), Moses (1515), Atlas (1534), Florentine Pieta (1555)
Benevenuto Cellini (1500-71): Perseus with the Head of Medusa (1545): front view, side view

Westminster Abbey (London, 1245-1517): western view, interior, Canaletto (1749)
Seville Cathedral (1434-1517): exterior
Laurentian Library (1525-34, Florence): vestibule, Reading Room
Wawel Castle (Krakow, 1500s): exterior, interior, courtyard, Bird Room
Suleymaniye Mosque (Istanbul, 1558): exterior, courtyard, interior, interior
St. Basil's Cathedral (Moscow, 1561): front view, detail

Caravaggio (1571-1610): David and Goliath (1599, 1607, 1610), Calling of St. Matthew (1600), The Conversion on the Way to Damascus (1601), Crucifixion of St. Peter (1601), Taking of Christ (1602), Incredulity of Saint Thomas (1602), Raising of Lazarus (1609)
Franz Hals (ca 1582-1666): Jester with a Lute (1625), Portrait of Pieter van den Broecke (1633)
Diego Velazquez (1599-1660): Christ Crucified (1632), Portrait of Innocent X (1650), Las Meninas (1657)
Jan Vermeer (1632-75): The Little Street (1658), The Milkmaid (1658), View of Delft (1661), Girl with a Pearl Earring (1665), A Lady Writing (1666), The Art of Painting (1667), The Astronomer (1668), The Lacemaker (1670)
Claude Lorrain (ca 1600-1682): Campo Vaccino (1636)

Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598-1680): Aeneas, Anchises, and Ascanius (1619), David (1624), Apollo and Daphne (1625), Ecstasy of St. Theresa (1651)

St. Peter's Basilica (Rome, 1626): exteriordomeinterior
Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598-1680): Piazza in front of St. Peter's Basilica (1667)

Canaletto (1697-1768): Entrance to the Grand Canal, Venice (ca 1730), Piazza San Marco, Venice (ca 1730-1735), Rome: Ruins of the Forum (1742), Rome: Arch of Titus (1742), The River Thames with St. Paul's Cathedral (1746), Westminster Abbey (1749)
Thomas Gainsborough (1727-88): The Blue Boy (1770), The Linley Sisters (1772), Johann Christian Bach (1776)
Joshua Reynolds (1723-92): Mrs. Abington (1771), Miss Jane Bowles (1775)
Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825): Oath of the Horatii (1786), The Death of Socrates (1787), The Death of Marat (1793), Napoleon at the Saint-Bernard Pass (1801)
Francisco Goya (1746-1828): The Parasol (1777), Duchess of Alba (1797), The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters (1797), Chapel of St. Anthony (interior, 1798), Charles IV and His Family (1800), A Procession of Flagellants (1814), Third of May 1808 (1814), Duke of Wellington (1814), Self-portrait (1815), The Disasters of War (1810-20)

Sculpture ,
Etienne Maurice Falconet (1716-91): The Bronze Horseman (St. Petersburg, 1782): full view, Surikov 

Christopher Wren (1632-1723): St. Paul's Cathedral (London, 1711): front and side view (1896), front view, interior, 1940, Canaletto (1746)
Palace of Versailles (1681-1715): aerial view, Hall of Mirrors 
Grand Bazaar (Istanbul, 1435-1730): exterior, interior
Trevi Fountain (Rome, 1752): front view, side view,
Pantheon (Paris, 1790): exterior, interior
Brandenburg Gate (Berlin, 1791): view
Chapel of St. Anthony, frescoes (Madrid, 1798): exterior, fresco of St. Anthony, detail

J. M. W. Turner (1775-1851): Dido Building Carthage (1815), The Fighting Temeraire (1839), Modern Rome (1839), Rain, Steam, and Speed (1844)
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780-1867): Napoleon I on His Imperial Throne (1806), Portrait of Monsieur Bertin (1832)
John Constable (1776-1837): The Hay Wain (1821), Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Grounds (1823)
Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840): Wanderer above the Sea of Fog (1818), The Sea of Ice (1824)
Jean-Francois Millet (1814-75): The Sower (1850), The Gleaners (1857), The Angelus (1859)
Edouard Manet (1832-83): Emile Zola (1868), A Bar at the Folies-Bergere (1882)
Claude Monet (1840-1926): Impression, Sunrise (1872), Woman with a Parasol (1875), La Gare Saint-Lazare (1877), Rouen Cathedral at Sunset (1893), Water Lilies (series of paintings, 1897-1926)
Edgar Degas (1834-1917): Absinthe Drinkers (1876), Star of the Ballet (1878), Mademoiselle La La at the Cirque Fernando (1879)
Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919): A Girl with a Watering Can (1876), Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette (1876), Luncheon of the Boating Party (1881), Dance at Bougival (1883)
Francisco Pradilla (1848-1921): Dona Juana (1877)
John Singer Sargent (1856-1925): The Daughters of Edward Darley Boit (1882), Spanish Dancer (1882), Portrait of Madame X (1884), Robert Louis Stevenson (1887), Morning Walk (1888), Lady Agnew of Lochnaw (1892), Gondoliers' Siesta (1904), Gassed (1919)
Georges Seurat (1859-91): Bathers at Asnieres (1884), A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La GrandeJatte (1886), Circus Sideshow (1888), The Eiffel Tower(1889), Le Chahut (1890)
Mary Cassett (1844-1926): Children on the Beach (1884), The Child's Bath (1893)
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901): Portrait of Vincent van Gogh (1887), At the Moulin Rouge (1892), Ambassadeurs - Aristide Bruant (1892)
Paul Gauguin (1848-1903): The Painter of Sunflowers (1888), Self-portrait with Halo and Snake (1889)
John William Waterhouse (1849-1917): Diogenes (1882), The Lady of Shalott (1888), Cleopatra (1888), Ophelia (1889), Ulysses and the Sirens (1891), Jason and Medea (1907), The Annunciation (1914), A Tale from the Decameron (1916)
Carl Larsson (1853-1919): Flowers on the Windowsill (1894), Self-portrait with Brita (1895), Getting Ready for a Game (1901), Christmas Eve (1905)

Millenium of Russia (Novgorod, 1862): broad view
Nelson's Column (London, 1867): broad view, detail
Ricardo Bellver (1845-1924): Fallen Angel (Madrid, 1877): broad view, detail
Auguste Rodin (1840-1917): The Age of Bronze (1877), St. John the Baptist Preaching (1878), The Thinker (1889), The Burghers of Calais (1889), The Kiss (1889), Balzac (1898)
Frederic Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904) and Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923): Statue of Liberty (1886): broad view, close up, detail

Arc de Triumph (Paris, 1806-1836): view, La Marseillaise, Austerlitz
Dohany Street Synagogue (Budapest, Hungary; 1854-9): exterior, interior
Mont Saint-Michel (709-1863): aerial view, side view
Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament, London, 1870): view
Cologne Cathedral (1248-1473, ca 1840-1880): western view, eastern view, interior
Antoni Gaudi (1852-1926): La Sagrada Familia (started 1882, still unfinished; Barcelona), Casa Botines (Leon, 1892), Casa Batllo (Barcelona, 1906), Casa Mila (Barcelona, 1910), Episcopal Palace (Astorga, 1913), Park Quell (1900-1914)
Neuschwanstein Castle (Hohenschwangau, Germany; 1886): overhead view, side view, Throne Hall, drawing room, study, dining room, bedroom
Eiffel Tower (Paris, 1889): view

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973): Guernica (1937)
"Banksy" (b. 1970?): Bethlehem (2005), Show Me the Monet, No Loitering (2008), It's Not a Race (2008)

Lorenzo Coullaut Valera (1876-1932): Don Quixote and Sancho Panza (Madrid, 1930)
Juan Cristobal Gonzalez (1897-1961): El Cid (Burgos, 1955)
Marie Uchytilova (1924-89): Memorial to the Children Victims of the War (Lidice, Czech Republic, 1989)

Hungarian Parliament Building (Budapest, 1904): exterior
Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood (St. Petersburg, 1883-1907): front view, side view, interior
Sacre-Coeur Basilica (Paris, 1914): long viewfront view, closer view, Joan of Arc; see Montmartre
Winter Palace (St. Petersburg, 1732-1917): front view, rear view, overhead view, Jordan Staircase, St. George Hall (throne room), Nicholas Hall (ballroom)
Victor Emmanuel II Monument (Rome, 1911-1925): front view
Milan Cathedral (1386-1965): exterior, doors, interior