Friday, November 10, 2017

Ussher: Kings 2 (Death of Ahab to Destruction of Israel, 897-721 BC)

    Notes on James Ussher, The Annals of the World (1658):
     897 BC: Ahab dies in battle against Ramoth-gilead and his son Ahaziah becomes king. Jehoshaphat (king of Judah), who was with him, barely escapes (1 Kgs. 22, 2 Chr. 18) (P518).
     896 BC: Ahaziah dies and his brother Jehoram (Joram) becomes king of Israel and rules for 12 years (2 Kgs. 3:1) (P522).
     That same year, Elijah is taken to Heaven (2 Kgs. 2) (P523).
     892 BC: Jehoshaphat makes his son Jehoram co-ruler in the 5th year of Joram king of Israel. He rules for 8 years (2 Kgs. 8:16-17, 2 Chr. 21:2-5, 20) (P525).
     889 BC: Good Jehoshaphat dies (2 Chr. 21: 5). His wicked son Jehoram rules alone for 4 years (2 Chr. 21) (P526).
     885 BC: Jehoram, king of Judah, dies and is succeeded by his sole surviving son Jehoahaz (also known as Ahaziah and Azariah) in the 12th year of Joram son of Ahab (2 Chr. 25:19-20). He rules for 1 year (P531).
     884 BC: Jehu kills Joram and Jezebel and seizes control of Israel (2 Kgs. 9) (P533). He also murders Ahaziah of Judah (2 Kgs. 9:2; 2 Chr. 22:1-9) (P534). In response, his mother Athaliah, daughter of Ahab, kills the remaining male members of the royal family in Judah and seizes control of the kingdom. Ahaziah’s sister rescued Joash, his infant son, from Athaliah and hid him for six years in the Temple (2 Kgs. 11:1-3, 2 Chr. 22:10-12) (P535).
     878 BC: Jehoiada, the high priest, publicly anoints Joash, aged 7, as king of Judah and has Athaliah murdered (2 Kgs. 11:4, 21; 2 Chr. 23:4, 21). Joash rules for 40 years (2 Kgs. 12:1, 2 Chr. 24:1) (P536).
     856 BC: Jehu dies and Jehoahaz his son becomes king of Israel and rules for 17 years (2 Kgs. 13:1) (P541).
     839 BC: Joash is murdered at the beginning of his 40th year of rule in retaliation for his ordering the murder of Zechariah, priest and son of Jehoiada, who had spoken against the renewed idolatry of Judah (2 Kgs. 12:17-21, 2 Chr. 24:1, 23-27). He was succeeded by Amaziah as king of Judah (2 Kgs. 14:1-2) (P544).
     Jehoahaz dies and his son Joash becomes king of Israel (2 Kgs. 13:14-20) (P545).
     826 BC: Amaziah, king of Judah, forces a battle upon Joash, king of Israel, who in response crushes his army and takes Amaziah prisoner (2 Kgs. 14:8-14, 2 Chr. 25:17-24) (P548-9).
     825 BC: Joash, king of Israel, dies and his son Jeroboam 2nd rules (1 Kgs. 14:23) (P550).
     810 BC: Amaziah murdered (2 Kgs. 14:19-20, 2 Chr. 25:27-28) and his son Uzziah (Azariah) rules (2 Kgs. 15:1-2, 2 Chr. 26:2-16) (P552).
     808 BC: the 13th Jubilee. At this time in Judah live the prophets Isaiah (Isa. 1:1) and Joel. Joel predicted a drought (Joel 1:20) which Amos later affirmed took place (Amos 4:1-13). Amos was a shepherd in Tekoa in Judah until sent by Yahweh as a prophet to Israel two years before a major earthquake (Amos 1:1, Zech. 11:5) (P553).
     Jonah also prophesied in Israel at this time. He was from Gathhepher in Zebulun (John 7:52) in Galilee of the Gentiles (Isa. 9:1). He prophesied the deliverance of Israel through Jeroboam 2nd (2 Kings 14:25-26). Later Yahweh sent him to Nineveh where his message led to their repentance (Jon. 3, Matt. 12:41) (P555).
     Even Hosea served as a prophet of Yahweh during this time. While Israel enjoyed apparent success under the rule of Jeroboam 2nd, Yahweh had Hosea proclaim the end rushing toward it which Hosea lived to see (Hos. 1:1, 2 Kgs. 18:10) (P556).
     784 BC: With the death of Jeroboam 2nd begins the first period of transition in which Israel was forced to survive without a king. Its vitality declined fatally during this time (see Amos 7:1-8:14) (P563).
     776 BC: The first Olympics took place (P567).
     773 BC: Zechariah, son of Jeroboam, great grandson and last of the Jehu dynasty (as prophesied), began to rule but did so for only 6 months (2 Kgs. 15: 8, 12, 10, 30) (P568).
     Zachariah is murdered by Shallum. The agonies prophesied by Amos occur (Amos 7:1-17, 9:1-15) (569).
     Shallum is murdered by Menahem one month later (2 Kgs. 15:14-16) (P570-1).
     771 BC: Pul, king of Assyria, invades Israel. Pul may have been the king who repented in response to the word of Yahweh spoken by Jonah. Perhaps, in this instance, Yahweh used a king who worshiped Olympian gods to punish his people who do but should know better (P575). Menahem paid him off (2 Kgs. 15:19-20, Hos. 5:13).
     761 BC: Menahem died and his son Pekahiah ruled Israel for 2 years (2 Kgs. 15:22) (P580).
     759 BC: Pekah murdered Pekahiah and ruled in his place (2 Kgs. 15:25-27) (P582).
     Isaiah’s prophetic ministry and vision of Yahweh on his throne occurred at this time—the year of the 14th Jubilee (Isa. 6:1-13, John 12:40-41) (P583).
     Uzziah died and his son Jotham ruled in his place (2 Kgs. 15:7, 32-33; 2 Chr. 26:23, 27:1, 8) (P584).
     Hosea continues and is joined by Micah (Mic. 1:1). During the rule of Ahaz, Nahum prophesies the destruction of Assyria 115 years before it occurs (P585).
     753 BC: traditional date of the founding of Rome.
     747 BC: Nineveh fell (P591-2) and Assyria was forced to contract from empire to kingdom. It was ruled by Tiglath-pileser (2 Kgs. 15:29, 16:7, 10; 2 Chr. 28:20) (P596).
     742 BC: Jotham died and his son Ahaz ruled (2 Kgs. 16:1-2, 2 Chr. 28:1).
     Yahweh incites the kings of Syria and Israel to attack Ahaz (2 Kgs. 15:37). Isaiah speaks to him of the sign of Immanuel (Isa. 7:1-8:22) (P598).
     739 BC: Pekah is murdered by Hoshea and this starts a second period of transition (2 Kgs. 15:30-38) (P610).
     730 BC: Hoshea restored ordered to Israel after 9 painful years of chaos (2 Kgs. 17:1) (P614).
     726 BC: Ahaz died and his son Hezekiah ruled (P619).
     721 BC: The Assyrian army under their king Shalmaneser takes Samaria and destroys the northern Kingdom of Israel (P633).

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