Friday, September 29, 2017

Ussher: Moses from His Birth to the Plagues of Egypt

     1619 BC: Levi dies in Egypt aged 137 (Ex. 6:16). Levi had a son named Kohath born in Canaan and daughter named Jochebed born in Egypt. Kohath had a son named Amram who later married his aunt Jochebed. Amram and Jochebed had three children: Moses, Aaron, and Miriam (P151).
     1577 BC: Following Manetho, Ussher believed that Ramses began his 66-year reign at this time and that he was the Pharaoh who did not know Joseph (Exodus 1:8). Fearing their growing numbers and vitality, Ramses subjects the Israelites to forced labor and uses them to build cities he names after himself (Ex. 1:8, 14; Acts 7:18-19) (P159).
     1574 BC: Aaron is born three years before Moses and 83 years before Yahweh liberates the Israelites (Ex. 7:7) (P160).
     1573 BC: Pharaoh orders Israelite midwives to murder all newborn Israelite males (Ex. 1:15-22; Acts 7:19-20) (P161).
     1571 BC: Moses is born 41 years after the death of Levi. He was 80 when he first told Pharaoh to let the Israelites go (Ex. 7:7). He died 40 years later (Dt. 3:1-2, 34:7) (P162).
     The parents of Moses do not murder him but hide him for three months (Ex. 2:2, Acts 7:20, Heb. 11:23) (P163).
     He is then discovered by Pharaoh’s daughter, nursed, as it turns out, by his own mother, and then adopted, raised, and educated by Pharaoh’s daughter (Ex. 2:5, 10; Acts 7:21-22) (P164).
     1556 BC: Ussher notes that Eusebius, in his Chronicles, identifies this date as the founding of Athens. Eusebius goes on to relate stories of people and events which followed, including Jupiter’s abduction of Europa, the birth of Apollo, the founding of Thebes by Cadmus, and others concerning ancient heroes such as Minos, Perseus, and Hercules (P165).
     1531 BC: Moses, aged 40, flees Egypt for Midian (Ex. 2:11-12, 3:1, 18:1-2; Num. 10:29; Acts 23:30; Jude 4:11) (P168).
     1530 BC: Caleb is born. He was later sent by Moses to spy and report on the land of Canaan (Josh. 14:7, 10) (P169).
     1491 BC: Yahweh speaks to Moses from a burning bush and sends him back to Egypt  (Ex. 3-4:1, 18; Acts 7:30, 35) (P172). Moses is 80 years old and his brother Aaron is 83 (P176). Two magicians of Pharaoh who opposes Moses were later identified as Jannes and Jambres (2 Tim. 3:8) (176).
     The plagues:
     1. 18th day, 6th month (considered the 12th month after the Exodus [Ex. 12:2]): water to blood.
     2. 25th day: frogs (Ex. 7:25). This ends the next day.
     3. 27th day: flies and lice (P180).
     4. 29th day: pests. This ends the next day (P181).
     5. 2nd day, 7th month (shortly to become the 2nd day of the 1st month): plague on cattle.
     6. 3rd day: boils (P182).
     7. 5th day: hail (P184).
     8. 8th day: locusts. This ends the next day (P185).
     Aviv, traditionally the 7th month, became the 1st month at this time (Ex. 12:2, 13:4). The 1st day of this new 1st month becomes the cornerstone for determining the date of important events according to the Jewish calendar (Ex. 40:17, Numbers 9:1-2) (P186).
     On the 10th day—Thursday, April 30 (Julian calendar)—comes the first declaration of the celebration of Passover. The Passover lamb is chosen and sacrificed 4 days later (Ex. 13:3, 6) (P187).
     9. 11th (?) day: darkness. It lasts for 3 days (Ex. 10:22-23) (P188).
     On the 14th day (Monday, May 4), Moses speaks to Pharaoh for the last time, warning him of the final devastating plague (Ex. 10:24-29; 11:1, 4-8). The Passover is celebrated that evening (Ex. 12:11-12).
     10. 15th day, 1st month (midnight, Tuesday, May 5): death of the firstborn throughout Egypt (Ex. 12:33-36) (P190).

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