In 275, the Romans finally defeated Pyrrhus and his best Hellenian armies in southern Latinia. By 272 they had taken complete control of all the Hellenian cities in Latinia and controlled all of Latinia south of the
Being the devout Olympians they were, and understanding the meaning of life in terms of power as they did, the Romans next turned against their most powerful rival in the western Mediterranean,
After that major victory on land, the Romans decided to build their first fleet of fighting ships to challenge Carthaginian control of the sea. Since Carthaginians sailors were weaker than Roman infantry, the Romans outfitted all their ships with small portable bridges. They planned to get their ships alongside enemy ships, hook them so they couldn’t pull away, drop the portable bridge across the gap between ships, then have their infantry quickly cross to the enemy ships and easily defeat their sailors and take control.
In 260, off the northwest coast of
Later in 260 the Romans attacked the Carthaginian city of
After making repairs, the Roman army proceeded to Carthaginia, landed, and started trashing the countryside on its way to
After this disastrous loss, with refugees pouring into the city, food supplies running short, and outbreaks of disease starting, Carthaginian rulers decided to stop fighting and asked for terms of peace. Marcus Regulus, the Roman leader in Carthaginia, demanded they surrender all control in
Carthaginian rulers found these conditions less acceptable than continuing to fight. They hired the Spartan general Xanthippus to lead their troops against the Roman army. It was money well spent. A few short weeks after their defeat at Adys, Xanthippus lead the Carthaginians to an overwhelming victory over the Romans and even captured Marcus Regulus.
The Romans started with an attack on a Carthaginian city in
The Romans took Thermae in 252 and then Panormus (today’s
In 250 the Romans attacked the western Sicilian city of
A different group of politicians took power in