While agriculture thrives in long, broad, fertile plains, so does warfare. By offering no significant natural barriers to raiders or invaders, plains invite trouble. Consequently, societies living on them had to develop adequate military skills to defend themselves. They often did this so well that they went on the offensive and conquered many other societies.
2. Mountains. Mountains are not simply rocks and ice. Behind their natural barriers they often contain fertile valleys, fresh water, large forests, and ample sunshine.
The Pyrenees form the almost 300-mile (500-kilometer) boundary separating
For centuries, people have used three passes to cross the
The Carpathians are separated from the Alps by the
Olympian religious tradition believed that its six favorite gods made their home in Hellas on Mount Olympus (9,570 feet; 2,917 m). Apollo’s Oracle of Delphi was located on the slope of Mount Parnassus (8,061 feet; 2,457 m) which stands near the
All rights reserved. Fair use encouraged.