Around 600 BC the neighboring Medes conquered the Persians. Soon enough, however, a Persian named Cyrus (r. 558-529) regained control of
Cyrus commanded hundreds of thousands of soldiers. His 10,000 best soldiers were known as the Immortals. They led the rest into battle.
In 538 BC, Cyrus led his army to victory against the Babylonians. Their empire quickly became his.
Cyrus respected the ethnic integrity of the peoples under his rule. He allowed them to retain their own religions and languages. When Nebuchadnezzar ruled Babylonia, he destroyed
Persian rulers encouraged trade across their empire. They were the first Olympian empire to establish trade with
To improve both transportation and communication, Persian rulers ordered the multiplication and improvement of roads. The empire’s
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