Around 1900 BC, a group of people known as Amorites migrated into central
But that empire gave way to others. In 1595 BC, a Hittite army took control of
In 900 BC, the Assyrians asserted their control of
Such punishment only strengthened Babylonian opposition. In the late 600s BC, the Babylonian ruler Nabopolassar led a coalition of nations against
Not surprisingly, Nabopolassar swiftly took control of the cities, peoples, and lands of that empire (with the exception of Egypt).
The Babylonians demonstrated their power by destroying small cities like
The Babylonians called Venus by the name of Ishtar. They built an imposing gate and dedicated it to her around 575 BC. Robert Koldewey (1855-1925) discovered the ruins of ancient
A ziggurat dedicated to Jupiter, called Marduk by the Babylonians, stood at the center of Babylon. Rising over 300 feet (90 m) in height, it scraped the sky. Its gold roof brilliantly reflected the sunlight to remind everyone of Jupiter’s greatness.
Eventually the Babylonian empire, in its turn, fell to rivals. Persians from the east conquered
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