By 900 BC, the Assyrians had conquered all of
The Assyrians also intimidated others by committing atrocities and becoming notorious for them. Weaker rulers of cities could either pay debilitating taxes or face attack. If the Assyrians attacked a city, they would take control of it, burn it to the ground, and take its wealth back to
In 700 BC, at the height of Assyrian power, the ruler Sennacherib (704-681) made
Despite his brutal policies, Ashurbanipal (ruled 668-627) chose to pay for the creation of one of the world’s first libraries. It contained over 25,000 tablets of stories and songs.
Assyrian cruelty bred strong resentment. In 612 BC, the Babylonians, a people of southeastern Mesopotamia, led a coalition of nations which destroyed
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