Cleopatra was a descendant of that first Ptolemy and the daughter of Ptolemy 12th and his wife Cleopatra. She was born in
Since the first Ptolemy, all the rulers of
When her father died in 51, the 18-year-old Cleopatra became joint ruler with her 10-year-old brother Ptolemy 13th. Neither had any interest in sharing control. Powerful generals and courtiers took sides. Those supporting Ptolemy finally forced Cleopatra to abandon
As Cleopatra went into exile, two leaders of the
Cleopatra used this break in the relationship between Caesar and her brother Ptolemy to persuade Caesar to support her claim to the throne. She boldly had herself rolled into a rug and smuggled passed Ptolemy’s guards into the presence of Caesar. She was less beautiful than tradition says, but she was smart, imaginative, humorous, charming, and possessed an iron will. Nine months later she gave birth to their son, Ptolemy Caesar or Ceasarion.
Ptolemy didn’t care for this close relationship between his sister and Caesar. He sent an army to murder them both. It came close to doing so. In the end, however, Caesar’s army won and Ptolemy died.
In 46, Caesar returned to
Political enemies, led by Marcus Brutus and Gaius Cassius, murdered Caesar in 44. Cleopatra took her son and returned to
Once back in
In 41, Antony ordered Cleopatra to leave
Antony returned to
Just as Julius Caesar and Gnaeus Pompey had fought to the death in 48, so, by 33, Octavius and Antony fought for supremacy in
In August, 30, Octavius sent an army to attack
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