On August 1, Horatio Nelson led his English warships in a battle against Napoleon’s French warships just outside of
Horatio’s victory meant that the French navy would not be able to bring new soldiers and fresh supplies to the French army in
Egyptians began to resent and resist Napoleon’s control. They started to murder French soldiers. French soldiers started to murder greater numbers of Egyptians in response.
Soon Napoleon was losing too many French soldiers to murder and to a new enemy: disease. In response, he forced sailors who had survived the
Napoleon responded without restraint. Hundreds of Egyptians died when Napoleon ordered cannons to be fired at the Great Mosque in which they had taken refuge. Thousands more Egyptians were captured and beheaded.